ALFANDARI, JACOB


ALFANDARI, JACOB
ALFANDARI, JACOB (c. 1620–1695), halakhic writer and preacher, the oldest son of Ḥayyim Alfandari the Elder, one of the leading scholars of Constantinople. Alfandari, who studied under his father, taught at a yeshivah. His disciples included Jacob Sasson. According to Abraham Miguel Cardoso, he urged his devotees not to accept the teaching of Shabbetai Ẓevi. He wrote many responsa, but most of his writings were destroyed in a fire in Constantinople. Some were rescued and published by his nephew Ḥayyim b. Isaac Alfandari, under the title Muẓẓal me-Esh ("Saved from Fire"; appended to his Esh Dat, Constantinople, 1718). Another portion, also published under the same title, was incorporated in Joseph Kasabi's responsa Rav Yosef (Constantinople, 1736), which was edited by Kasabi's pupil Jacob b. Judah Alfandari, grandson of the author. The responsa that he sent in reply to his brother Isaac Raphael's inquiries were published in Maggid me-Reshit (1660–74). A book of his sermons was in the possession of his nephew, Ḥayyim b. Isaac Raphael, who, in his Esh Dat, frequently cites homiletical expositions in his uncle's name. His rhetorical style, which is replete with rabbinical sayings, caused Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai to call him "the father of rhetoric." His grandson Jacob was a prominent disciple of Ḥayyim b. Isaac Alfandari, and wrote an introduction to Mikhtav me-Eliyahu by Elijah Alfandari (1723). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ghirondi-Neppi, 180 (but the mention of a book on the Torah in manuscript may refer to a work by another scholar of the same name).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alfandari — was a family of eastern rabbis prominent in the 17th and 18th centuries, found in Smyrna, Constantinople, and Jerusalem. The name may be derived from a Spanish locality, perhaps from Alfambra. The following is a list of the chief members of the… …   Wikipedia

  • ALFANDARI — ALFANDARI, family originating in Andalusia, Spain, and claiming descent from the family of Bezalel of the tribe of Judah. After the Expulsion (1492) the family spread throughout the Turkish Empire and France. For many generations they were among… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALFANDARI, SOLOMON ELIEZER BEN JACOB, — ALFANDARI, SOLOMON ELIEZER BEN JACOB, known as Mercado or Maharsha (Moreinu ha Rav Shelomo Eliezer; 1826 or 1829–1930), rabbinic authority. Alfandari was born in Constantinople. When he was about 25, he headed the yeshivah founded by a certain… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALFANDARI, ḤAYYIM BEN ISAAC RAPHAEL — (c. 1660–1733), kabbalist and rabbi. He lived at Brusa, Turkey, where in 1681 he met (Abraham Miguel Cardozo (Cardoso)(retrieve.do?inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=humboldt&tabID=&contentSet=GALE&docId=GALE%7CCX2587503957) . According to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacob ben Hayyim Alfandari — was a talmudic writer and rabbi in Constantinople in the 17th century. In 1686 he refers to himself as an old man ( Muẓẓal me Esh, p. 5). He was the author of a volume of responsa edited by his nephew Ḥayyim the Younger (Constantinople, 1718),… …   Wikipedia

  • Hayyim ben Jacob Alfandari (the Elder) — (1588 – 1640) (Hebrew: חיים בן יעקב אלפנדארק) was a talmudic educator and writer, teaching at Constantinople in 1618. He was the pupil of Aaron ben Joseph Sason. Some of his responsa were published in the Maggid me Reshit (He Tells from the… …   Wikipedia

  • BOTON, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM DI — (1635?–1687), halakhist. Jacob was born in Salonika and was a disciple of Ḥasdai ha Kohen Peraḥyah. His father, Abraham b. Jacob (b. c. 1610), grandson of abraham b. moses di boton , was also a disciple of Ḥasdai ha Kohen Peraḥyah and was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISTANBUL — ISTANBUL, city in N.W. turkey , on both sides of the Bosphorus at its entrance on the Sea of Marmara (for history prior to 1453, see constantinople ). Constantinople was taken from the Byzantine emperor in 1453 by the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chief Rabbi — Chief Rabbinate redirects here. See also Chief Rabbinate of Israel. Chief Rabbi is a title given in several countries to the recognized religious leader of that country s Jewish community, or to a rabbinic leader appointed by the local secular… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Syria — Syrian Jews derive their origin from two groups: those who inhabited Syria from early times and the Sephardim who fled to Syria after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1492 C.E). There were large communities in Aleppo, Damascus, and Beirut… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.